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Directions on How to Create a Research Paper Paragraph


Breaking a research paper body into paragraphs is needed to improve readability. Each paragraph should discuss a single point that is relevant to your assignment. Use the guidelines below to write excellent body paragraphs.

  • Make an outline first.
  • Determine what sections your research paper will include. Sketch the main ideas that are to be discussed in each section. They will become your paragraph topics.

  • Use note cards.
  • This method is recognized by many students to be extremely helpful in writing the body of your research paper. It may seem like an extra effort at first, but it will save you more time when actually writing your paper. When you browse your sources for specific examples and facts to support your points, write each piece of evidence on a separate note card. Sort the cards by sections. When writing a section, take out the respective bunch of cards. When you see all your facts close at hand, it will be easier to decide on the right order to arrange them.

  • Write a topic sentence.
  • Look at your outline. Formulate the paragraph’s main idea in sentence form. It should be a general statement, e. g. “Green color has more appealing visual characteristics than red.” Do not include any numbers or specific details – save them for the following sentences.

  • Proceed from general to specific.
  • Each body paragraph should develop by taking a more specific focus. The correct order of presenting your information is: introducing (a topic sentence), telling (explanations and logical reasoning), showing (specific examples and cases), supporting (statistics and other numerical data), and concluding (a brief wrap-up). You may omit one or more elements of this structure; for example, a concluding sentence is not needed for most body paragraphs. It is alright, as long as you keep the right order.

  • Cite all borrowed information immediately after you use it.
  • It may be helpful to put your bibliography together first so that you can use it to look up the names of authors. Alternatively, you may include the author’s name and date of the source on a note card.

  • Explore a single point in each paragraph.
  • Each sentence you write should further elaborate on the idea stated in your topic sentence.

  • Include transitions.
  • Transitional words and sentences are needed for your research paper to flow smoothly. Use a variety of transitional expressions such as “however,” “besides,” “meanwhile,” “therefore,” or “although” to show the way in which your new idea is linked to the previous one.